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Pituitary gland

Variable signal intensities on mri a pictorial essay

      Abstract

      The anterior pituitary gland may exhibit high signal on T1-weighted (T1w) images and/or low signal on T2-weighted (T2w) images in several normal and pathological states. High T1w signal may be seen in normal fetuses, neonates, and in pregnant and postpartum women. It may also occur in Rathke’s cleft cyst, craniopharyngioma, subacute hemorrhage, manganese deposition, melanoma, dermoid, and lipoma. Low T2w signal may be seen in hemorrhage, calcification, cystic lesions, hemochromatosis, melanoma, and vascular lesions. These are described and illustrated.

      Keywords

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