Breast Imaging| Volume 95, P71-73, March 2023

Axillary lymphadenopathy on breast imaging following the administration of inactivated polio vaccine


      • Unilateral axillary adenopathy can be seen in the setting of recent inactivated polio vaccination.
      • Bilateral vaccination should be considered on the differential for bilateral axillary adenopathy.
      • Radiologists should be aware of the possibility of axillary adenopathy following vaccination, including IPV.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Clinical Imaging
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website
        Public Health Response to a Case of Paralytic Poliomyelitis in an Unvaccinated Person and Detection of Poliovirus in Wastewater — New York, June–August 202.
        2022 (Accessed 22 November)
        • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website
        United States confirmed as country with circulating vaccine-derived poliovirus.
        (Accessed 22 November)
        • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website
        Adult vaccination for polio.
        (Accessed 22 November)
        • Robinson K.A.
        • Maimone S.
        • Gococo-Benore D.A.
        • Li Z.
        • Advani P.P.
        • Chumsri S.
        Incidence of axillary adenopathy in breast imaging after COVID-19 vaccination.
        JAMA Oncol. 2021; 7: 1395-1397
        • Shirone N.
        • Shinkai T.
        • Yamane T.
        • et al.
        Axillary lymph node accumulation on FDG-PET/CT after influenza vaccination.
        Ann Nucl Med. 2012; 26: 248-252
        • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website
        Combination Vaccines.
        2022 (Accessed 29 November)
      1. Poliovirus Vaccine Inactivated.
        The U.S Food and Drug Administration, 2022 (Accessed 29 November)
        • Zhang M.
        • Ahn R.W.
        • Hayes J.C.
        • Seiler S.J.
        • Mootz A.R.
        • Porembka J.H.
        Axillary lymphadenopathy in the COVID-19 era: what the radiologist needs to know.
        Radiographics. 2022; 42: 1897-1911
        • Nawwar A.A.
        • Searle J.
        • Lyburn I.D.
        Bilateral avid axillary nodes on FDG PET/CT due to concurrent booster COVID-19 immunization and seasonal influenza vaccination.
        Clin Nucl Med. 2022; 47: 712-713