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Diagnostic accuracy of shuttle CT angiography (CTA) and helical CTA in the diagnosis of vasospasm

Published:September 21, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2021.09.004

      Highlights

      • CTAs demonstrated high diagnostic accuracy for VS in a retrospective cohort.
      • CTAs has advantages of lower radiation dose and lower iodine contrast dose.
      • CTAs should be considered in patients requiring serial CTA/CTP assessment e.g. ASAH.

      Abstract

      Purpose

      To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of computed tomography angiography (CTA) acquired with shuttle technique (CTAs) and helical CTA (CTAh) for vasospasm, using digital subtraction angiography (DSA) obtained within 24 h as reference standard.

      Methods

      Thirty-six patients with suspected vasospasm in the setting of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (ASAH, 30/36) or acute inflammatory/infectious conditions (6/36) who underwent CTAs (17/36) or CTAh (19/36) followed by DSA within 24 h were identified retrospectively. Presence of vasospasm in the proximal cerebral arterial segments was assessed qualitatively and semi-quantitatively on CTA and subsequent DSA. Sensitivity, specificity, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were calculated. Inter-rater variability was assessed using Cohen's kappa.

      Results

      On CTAs, 35% of patients had low and 65% had high vasospasm burden. On CTAh, 37% had low and 63% had high vasospasm burden. ROC analysis demonstrated an AUC of 0.87 for CTAs (95%CI 0.67–1.00, p = 0.015) and 0.88 for CTAh (0.72–1.00, p = 0.028). Cohen's kappa was 0.843 (95%CI 0.548–1.000). Thresholding with Youden's J index, CTAs had a sensitivity of 85.71% (95%CI 48.69 to 99.27) and specificity of 66.67% (35.42 to 87.94). CTAh had sensitivity of 100% (56.55 to 100.00) and specificity of 78.57% (52.41 to 92.43).

      Conclusion

      CTAs and CTAh yielded similar sensitivity, specificity, and AUC values on ROC analysis for the detection of vasospasm using DSA as reference standard. Our findings suggest that CTAs is a promising alternative to CTAh especially in patients requiring serial imaging, given its potential advantages of decreased radiation exposure, contrast dose, and cost-effectiveness.

      Keywords

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