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Recalibrating the decision for MRI-directed breast ultrasound in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer, factors predicting sonographic success

Published:September 06, 2021DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2021.08.022

      Highlights

      • Success rates of MRI-directed breast US in detecting a correlate are wide-ranging.
      • Masses significantly more likely to be found on US than nonmass enhancement (NME).
      • Larger, irregular, and malignant masses portend success in sonographic detection.
      • Rare to detect sonographic correlate for NME, including for preoperative MRI.
      • Proceeding directly to MRI biopsy should be considered for NME in preoperative MRI.

      Abstract

      Objective

      Evaluate utilization of MRI-directed breast ultrasound (US) in patients with newly diagnosed breast cancer and refine practices to increase success of sonographic lesion detection.

      Methods

      This retrospective single-institution review was restricted to women with breast cancer who underwent MRI from November 2006 to January 2017. Enhancing breast lesions, separate from the index tumor, recommended for MRI-directed US were assessed to see which were detected and which characteristics predicted success in detection. Univariate mixed-effects logistic modeling predicted likelihood of finding breast lesions with US, with odds ratios reported. All tests were two-sided with p < 0.05 considered significant.

      Results

      A total of 275 patients underwent MRI-directed US for 361 breast lesions, of which 187 (51.8%) were found on US. Of those detected, 171 (91.4%) were masses and 16 (8.6%) were nonmass enhancement (NME), with masses 14 times more likely to be seen (p < 0.001). Size alone was not a significant predictor but achieved significance when associated with lesion type (mass size, p < 0.001). Masses with irregular shapes or margins and invasive carcinomas were more frequently detected. Patient age, internal enhancement pattern, and distribution of NME were not significant predictors in sonographic detection. A presumed sonographic correlate for NME was found for 16 (16.2%) of 99 attempted lesions.

      Conclusion

      As MRI access expands, utilization of MRI-directed US should be scrutinized to avoid downstream practice inefficiencies. Sonographic detection rates for NME remain low for women undergoing MRI for disease extent, with NME often better suited for MRI-guided biopsy.

      Keywords

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