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Diffusion tensor imaging of vertebral bone marrow in children with Gaucher's disease type I and III: Pre- and post-therapy

      Highlights

      • DTI parameters of vertebral BM can differentiate GD from controls.
      • DTI parameters of vertebral BM can differentiate untreated from treated GD.
      • DTI parameters correlated with genetics, and laboratory biomarkers of GD.

      Abstract

      Purpose

      To assess diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) of the vertebral bone marrow (BM) in children with Gaucher's disease (GD) types I and III before and after therapy.

      Methods

      Prospective study was conducted upon 25 children with GD type I (n = 17) and III (n = 8) and 13 age and sex-matched controls underwent DTI of vertebral BM. Mean diffusivity (MD) and fractional anisotropy (FA) of vertebral BM was calculated and correlated with genotyping, chitotriosidase, hemoglobin (HB) and, platelet count.

      Results

      There was a statistically significant difference in MD and FA of BM between patients and controls (P = 0.001 and 0.02). The area under the curve (AUC) of MD and FA used to differentiate untreated patients from controls was 0.902 and 0.68 with sensitivity, specificity, and, accuracy 92%, 84.6%, and, 89.5% respectively. There was a significant difference in MD and FA of BM between untreated and treated patients (P = 0.001 and 0.02). AUC of MD and FA used to differentiate untreated from treated patients was 0.93 and 0.649 with sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 92%, 80%, and 86% respectively. There was a significant difference in MD and FA (P = 0.03, 0.001 respectively) of BM in GD with homozygous L444P mutation (n = 9) and other mutations (n = 14). Chiotriptase, HB and platelet count of patients was correlated with MD (r = −0.36, 0.42, −0.41) and FA (r = −0.47, −0.37, −0.46) respectively.

      Conclusion

      DTI of vertebral BM can help in diagnosis and monitoring patients with GD after therapy and correlated with genotyping, and hematological biomarkers of GD.

      Keywords

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