Venous malformation of the pectoral muscle depicted on mammogram

Published:February 28, 2020DOI:


      Venous malformation of the pectoral muscle diagnosed on a mammogram of a 41-year-old patient presenting with clinical suspicion of a gynecomastia.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Clinical Imaging
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Colletti G.
        • Ierardi A.M.
        Understanding venous malformations of the head and neck: a comprehensive insight.
        Med Oncol. 2017; 34: 42
        • Dubois J.
        • Soulez G.
        • Oliva V.L.
        • Berthiaume M.J.
        • Lapierre C.
        • Therasse E.
        Soft-tissue venous malformations in adult patients: imaging and therapeutic issues.
        Radiographics. 2001; 21: 1519-1531
        • Dasgupta R.
        • Patel M.
        Venous malformations.
        Semin Pediatr Surg. 2014; 23: 198-202
        • Metaxa L.
        • Suaris T.D.
        • Dani S.
        Vascular chest wall lesion mimicking a breast tumor on screening mammograms: report of a case.
        Breast J. 2019; 25: 1257-1259
        • Perugini G.
        • Bonini G.
        • Giardina C.
        • Mapelli L.
        Cavernous hemangioma of the pectoralis muscle mimicking a breast tumor.
        AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1994; 162: 1321-1322
        • Kim D.J.
        • Son E.J.
        • Hong S.W.
        • et al.
        Interpectoral venous angioma presenting as a breast mass.
        J Ultrasound Med. 2008; 27: 477-481
        • Legiehn G.M.
        • Heran M.K.
        A step-by-step practical approach to imaging diagnosis and interventional radiologic therapy in vascular malformations.
        Semin Intervent Radiol. 2010; 27: 209-231
        • Restrepo R.
        Multimodality imaging of vascular anomalies.
        Pediatr Radiol. 2013; 43: S141-S154
        • Merrow A.C.
        • Gupta A.
        • Patel M.N.
        • Adams D.M.
        2014 revised classification of vascular lesions from the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies: radiologic-pathologic update.
        Radiographics. 2016; 36: 1494-1516
        • Trop I.
        • Dubois J.
        • Guibaud L.
        • Grignon A.
        • Patriquin H.
        • McCuaig C.
        • et al.
        Soft-tissue venous malformations in pediatric and young adult patients: diagnosis with Doppler US.
        Radiology. 1999; 212: 841-845
        • Ding A.
        • Gong X.
        • Li J.
        • Xiong P.
        Role of ultrasound in diagnosis and differential diagnosis of deep infantile hemangioma and venous malformation.
        J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 2019; 7: 715-723
        • Dubois J.
        • Alison M.
        Vascular anomalies: what a radiologist needs to know.
        Pediatr Radiol. 2010; 40: 895-905
        • Hage A.N.
        • Chick J.F.B.
        • Srinivasa R.N.
        • Bundy J.J.
        • Chauhan N.R.
        • Acord M.
        • et al.
        Treatment of venous malformations: the data, where we are, and how it is done.
        Tech Vasc Interv Radiol. 2018; 21: 45-54