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A pictorial review of gall stones and its associated complications

Published:November 28, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinimag.2019.11.015

      Highlights

      • Thorough imaging knowledge of gallstone related diseases is essential in management.
      • Ultrasound is crucial in the management of acute gallbladder diseases.
      • Critical to identify complications associated with acute cholecystitis.
      • Knowledge of non acute cases of gallstones help in timely management.

      Abstract

      Gallstone disease is the term commonly used to refer to gallstones that cause symptoms. There is a myriad of complications that can arise from gallstones: acute cholecystitis, xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis, emphysematous cholecystitis, gallbladder wall perforations, pericholecystic abscesses, Mirizzi syndrome, cholecystoenteric fistulas, choledocholithiasis, gallstone pancreatitis, porcelain gallbladder, gallbladder malignancies, and many more. The aim of this pictorial review is to revisit how multimodality imaging can help with the diagnosis of gallstone disease. We review the classic imaging findings on different imaging modalities for gallstone disease and its associated complications and how it is useful in early diagnosis for timely management of complications as well as surgical planning.

      Abbreviations and acronyms:

      GB (Gallbladder), US (Ultrasound), CT (Computed tomography), MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging), ERCP (Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography), XGC (Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis), CBD (Common bile duct), ES (Endoscopic sphincterotomy), PGB (Porcelain gallbladder), MRCP (Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography)

      Keywords

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