Case series: Comparison of contrast-enhanced genitosonography (ceGS) to fluoroscopy and cone-beam computed tomography in patients with urogenital sinus and the cloacal malformation

Published:November 27, 2019DOI:


      In this case series, contrast enhanced genitosonography is compared to genitography performed using fluoroscopy and cone-beam computed tomography in patients with urogenital sinus and the cloacal malformation. The method of contrast enhanced genitosonography is described, including contrast preparation, contrast administration, ultrasound imaging approaches, as well as the benefits and potential pitfalls of this technique compared to fluoroscopy and computed tomography.


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