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Magnetic Resonance Imaging characteristics in case of TOR1AIP1 muscular dystrophy

      Highlights

      • Mutations in torsinA-interacting protein 1 gene result in a severe muscular dystrophy.
      • MRI findings included extensive atrophy of the lower extremities, with severe progression.
      • Muscle biopsy findings supported TOR1AIP1 limb-girdle muscular dystrophy.
      • TOR1AIP1 gene mutation occurs in pediatric patients and MRI can aid in diagnosis.

      Abstract

      Mutations in the torsinA-interacting protein 1 (TOR1AIP1) gene result in a severe muscular dystrophy with minimal literature in the pediatric population. We review a case of TOR1AIP1 gene mutation in a 16-year-old Caucasian female with a long history of muscle weakness. Extensive clinical workup was performed and MRI at time of initial presentation demonstrated no significant muscular atrophy with heterogenous STIR hyperintensity of the lower extremity muscles. MRI findings seven years later included extensive atrophy of the lower extremities, with severe progression, including the gluteal muscles, iliopsoas, rectus femoris, and obturator internus. There was also significant atrophy of the rectus abdominis and internal and external oblique muscles, and iliacus muscles. The MRI findings showed more proximal involvement of lower extremities and no atrophy of the tibialis anterior, making TOR1AIP1 the more likely genetic cause. Muscle biopsy findings supported TOR1AIP1 limb-girdle muscular dystrophy. Though rare, TOR1AIP1 gene mutation occurs in pediatric patients and MRI can aid in diagnosis and help differentiate from other types of muscular dystrophy. Genetic and pathology workup is also crucial to accurate diagnosis and possible treatment of these patients.

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