- •CE-MRI is useful for evaluation of spinal segments with metastases in 39–53% of cases.
- •CE-MRI is useful in characterization and detection of spinal metastases.
- •CE-MR imaging is less useful in disseminated spinal metastases.
Materials and methods
Purchase one-time access:Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
One-time access price info
- For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
- For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'
- The surgical treatment of bony metastases of the spine and limbs.J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2002; 84: 521-529
- Surgery insight: current management of epidural spinal cord compression from metastatic spine disease.Nat Clin Pract Neurol. 2006; 2 ([quiz 116]): 87-94
- Metastatic tumors of the axial spine.Curr Opin Oncol. 1992; 4: 525-532
- MR imaging of bone tumors of the cervical spine.Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 2000; 8: 513-528
- Imaging appearance of primary bony tumors and pseudo-tumors of the spine.J Neuroradiol. 2010; 37: 37-50
- Early MR demonstration of spinal metastases in patients with normal radiographs and CT and radionuclide bone scans.J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1989; 13: 598-602
- Detection of vertebral metastases: comparison between MR imaging and bone scintigraphy.Radiographics. 1991; 11: 219-232
- The role of MR imaging in evaluating metastatic spinal disease.AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1987; 149: 1241-1248
Roberts CC, Daffner RH, Weissman BN, Bancroft L, Bennett DL, Blebea JS, et al. ACR appropriateness criteria on metastatic bone disease. J Am Coll Radiol 2010;7:400–409.
Patel ND, Broderick DF, Burns J, Deshmukh TK, Fries IB, Harvey HB, et al. ACR appropriateness criteria low back pain. J Am Coll Radiol 2016;13:1069–1078.
- Which MR imaging sequences are necessary in determining the need for radiation therapy for cord compression? A prospective study.AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2007; 28: 32-37
Mahnken AH, Wildberger JE, Adam G, Stanzel S, Schmitz-Rode T, Gunther RW, et al. Is there a need for contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MRI of the spine after inconspicuous short tau inversion recovery imaging? Eur Radiol 2005;15:1387–1392.
Khadem NR, Karimi S, Peck KK, Yamada Y, Lis E, Lyo J, et al. Characterizing hypervascular and hypovascular metastases and normal bone marrow of the spine using dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2012;33:2178–2185.
- Gadolinium-DTPA-enhanced MR imaging of spinal neoplasms: preliminary investigation and comparison with unenhanced spin-echo and STIR sequences.AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1988; 151: 1185-1192
- Spinal cord pial metastases: MR imaging with gadopentetate dimeglumine.AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990; 155: 1077-1084
- Malignant extradural spinal tumors: MR imaging with Gd-DTPA.Radiology. 1988; 167: 217-223
Bilsky MH, Laufer I, Fourney DR, Groff M, Schmidt MH, Varga PP, et al. Reliability analysis of the epidural spinal cord compression scale. J Neurosurg Spine 2010;13:324–328.
. Fisher CG, DiPaola CP, Ryken TC, Bilsky MH, Shaffrey CI, Berven SH, et al. A novel classification system for spinal instability in neoplastic disease: an evidence-based approach and expert consensus from the spine oncology study group. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2010;35:E1221–9.
- The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data.Biometrics. 1977; 33: 159-174
- Imaging of spinal metastatic disease.Int J Surg Oncol. 2011; 2011769753
- Metastatic spinal lesions: state-of-the-art treatment options and future trends.AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2008; 29: 1605-1611
- The diagnosis and treatment of metastatic spinal tumor.Oncologist. 1999; 4: 459-469
- Evaluation and treatment of spinal metastases: an overview.Neurosurg Focus. 2001; 11: e10
Dong Y, Zheng S, Machida H, Wang B, Liu A, Liu Y, et al. Differential diagnosis of osteoblastic metastases from bone islands in patients with lung cancer by single-source dual-energy CT: advantages of spectral CT imaging. Eur J Radiol 2015;84:901–907.
- Differentiation of myeloma and metastatic cancer in the spine using dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI.Magn Reson Imaging. 2013; 31: 1285-1291
- Diffusion-weighted MR imaging in differentiation between osteoporotic and neoplastic vertebral fractures.Eur Spine J. 2012; 21: S123-S127
- Assessment of paraspinal neurogenic tumors with diffusion-weighted MR imaging.Eur Spine J. 2018; 27: 841-846
- Diagnosis of vertebral metastasis, epidural metastasis, and malignant spinal cord compression: are T(1)-weighted sagittal images sufficient?.Magn Reson Imaging. 2000; 18: 819-824
- Which MRI sequence of the spine best reveals bone-marrow metastases of neuroblastoma?.Pediatr Radiol. 2005; 35: 778-785
Sung JK, Jee WH, Jung JY, Choi M, Lee SY, Kim YH, et al. Differentiation of acute osteoporotic and malignant compression fractures of the spine: use of additive qualitative and quantitative axial diffusion-weighted MR imaging to conventional MR imaging at 3.0 T. Radiology 2014;271:488–498.
Nakanishi K, Kobayashi M, Nakaguchi K, Kyakuno M, Hashimoto N, Onishi H, et al. Whole-body MRI for detecting metastatic bone tumor: diagnostic value of diffusion-weighted images. Magn Reson Med Sci 2007;6:147–155.