Research Article| Volume 55, P112-118, May 2019

3D T1-weighted contrast-enhanced brain MRI in children using a fat-suppressed golden angle radial acquisition: an alternative to Cartesian inversion-recovery imaging

Published:February 09, 2019DOI:



      T1-weighted post-contrast MRI is essential in brain protocols. We demonstrate the feasibility and utility of a 3D non-Cartesian radial acquisition in children.


      To compare bulk motion artifacts, image quality, and lesion conspicuity in 3D T1-weighted post-contrast brain MRI between a new fat-suppressed radial gradient-echo and a traditional non-fat-suppressed inversion-recovery Cartesian gradient-echo sequence.

      Material and methods

      Images from 53 patients acquired at 3 Tesla were compared. Three radiologists rated the images in three categories, including the presence of bulk motion and whether it impacted diagnosis, whether one sequence was preferred over the other in overall image quality and conspicuity of vascular structures and lesions, and whether diagnosis was possible if only the new fat-suppressed radial acquisition was obtained.


      The Fleiss' kappa for inter-rater agreement was 0.67 for bulk motion and 0.54 for sequence preference. Of the 53 cases, 56% were identified to have significant motion on conventional imaging, while only 13% had motion artifacts on the radial acquisition (p < 0.05). There were no cases where motion was seen on the radial acquisition but not on conventional imaging. Both sequences were equally preferred in 87% of the cases. All radiologists agreed that the radial approach had lower gray-white matter contrast than the conventional inversion-recovery method, but preferred the former for making diagnosis in uncooperative patients.


      We demonstrate the potential utility of a fat-suppressed 3D T1-weighted post-contrast brain gradient-echo sequence in children. The technique is useful in non-sedate pediatric imaging due to its reduced sensitivity to bulk motion.


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