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Myocardial signal density levels and beam-hardening artifact attenuation using dual-energy computed tomography

      Abstract

      The assessment of myocardial perfusion using single-energy (SE) imaging is influenced by beam-hardening artifacts (BHA). We sought to explore the ability of dual-energy (DE) imaging to attenuate the presence of BHA. Myocardial signal density (SD) was evaluated in 2240 myocardial segments (112 for each energy level) and in 320 American Heart Association segments among the SE group. Compared to DE reconstructions at the best energy level, SE acquisitions showed no significant differences overall regarding myocardial SD or signal-to-noise ratio. The segments most commonly affected by BHA showed significantly lower myocardial SD at the lowest energy levels, progressively normalizing at higher energy levels.

      Abbreviations:

      SE (single energy), DE (dual energy), CTP (computed tomography perfusion), SD (signal density), BHA (beam-hardening artifacts), CCTA (coronary computed tomography angiography), CAD (coronary artery disease)

      Keywords

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