Advertisement

Demonstration of inferior phrenic arteries on spiral CT—case report

  • Theodore R. Smith
    Correspondence
    Tel.: +1-718-904-2967; fax: +1-718-904-2968
    Affiliations
    Department of Radiology, Jack D. Weiler Hospital, The Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center, 1825 Eastchester Road, Bronx, NY 10461, USA
    Search for articles by this author

      Abstract

      An unusual case is presented in which normal noncollateral left and right inferior phrenic arteries (IPAs) are clearly visualized on two successive CT axial sections for long continuous lengths of their courses, presumably due to their relative horizontal orientation. They are both noted to penetrate the diaphragm (infradiaphragmatic to supradiaphragmatic) as a normal variation. There was no liver pathology, other tumor, or other unusual anatomy.

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Clinical Imaging
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Takeuchi Y
        • Arai Y
        • Inaba Y
        • Ohno K
        • Maida T
        • Itai Y
        Extrahepatic arterial supply to the liver: observation with a unified CT and angiography system during temporary balloon occlusion of the proper hepatic artery.
        Radiology. 1998; 209: 121-128
        • Gokan T
        • Hashimoto T
        • Matsui S
        • Koshihashi T
        • Nobusawa H
        • Munechika H
        Helical CT demonstration of dilated right inferior phrenic arteries as extrahepatic collateral arteries of hepatocellular carcinomas.
        J Comput-Assisted Tomogr. 2001; 25: 68-73
        • Ujita M
        • Ojiro O
        • Ariizumi M
        • Tada S
        Appearance of the inferior phrenic artery and vein on CT scans of the chest. ACT and cadaveric study.
        AJR, Am J Roentgenol. 1993; 160: 745-747
      1. Goss CM, editor. Gray's anatomy of the human body. Philadelphia: F. Lea & Febinger, 1966. pp. 630–631, 644–645.

      2. Anson B, McVay C. Surgical anatomy. 6th ed. vol. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders, 1984. pp. 371–372, 762.