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Breast MRI

  • Steven E Harms
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author. Tel.: +1-214-820-7125; fax: +1-214-820-7125
    Affiliations
    Magnetic Resonance Research Section, Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center, 3500 Gaston Avenue, Dallas, TX 75246, USA
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  • Duane P Flamig
    Affiliations
    Magnetic Resonance Research Section, Department of Radiology, Baylor University Medical Center, 3500 Gaston Avenue, Dallas, TX 75246, USA
    Search for articles by this author
      The need for an alternative breast imaging method, and the potential for magnetic resonance (MR) in fulfilling this role, is not a new concept. MR images of the breast were some of the first images produced of any human anatomical part [
      • Bovee WM
      • Creyghton JH
      • Getreuer KW
      • et al.
      NMR relaxation and images of human breast tumours in vitro.
      ,
      • Mansfield P
      • Morris PG
      • Ordidge R
      Carcinoma of the breast imaged by NMR.
      ]. When commercial MR imaging began, early clinical trials predicted potential for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in breast cancer diagnosis [
      • El Yousef SJ
      • Alfidi RJ
      • Duchesneau RH
      • et al.
      Initial experience with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) imaging of the human breast.
      ,
      • El Yousef SJ
      • Duchesneau RH
      • Alfidi RJ
      • Haaga JR
      • Bryan PJ
      • LiPuma JP
      Magnetic resonance imaging of the breast: work-in-progress.
      ,
      • El Yousef SJ
      • Duchesneau RH
      Magnetic resonance imaging of the human breast: a Phase I trial.
      ,
      • Stelling CB
      • Wang PC
      • Lieber A
      • Mattingly SS
      • Griffen WO
      • Powell DE
      Prototype coil for magnetic resonance imaging of the female breast: work-in-progress.
      ]. More detailed clinical studies, however, revealed that MRI had little to offer over less expensive and more widely available conventional imaging methods [
      • Turner DA
      • Alcorn FS
      • Adler YT
      Nuclear magnetic resonance in the diagnosis of breast cancer.
      ]. By the late 1980s, breast MRI was thought by most experts in the field to have little future [
      • Kopans DB
      ].
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