Advertisement

MR imaging and MR angiography of persistent trigeminal artery and its variant

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.

      Abstract

      Six patients with persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) and one patient with its variant (PTAV) were studied using a 1.0-T magnetic resonance unit. With both magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), four of the six PTAs were detected as abnormal connecting arteries between the cavernous internal carotids and the basilar arteries. The remaining two PTAs and one PTAV were not detected using MRI, but were imaged by MRA. It was concluded that relatively large PTAs can be detected using MRI, but small PTAs and PTAVs may be missed using MRI.

      Keywords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Clinical Imaging
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Eadie MJ
        • Jamieson KG
        • Lennon EA
        Persisting carotid-basilar anastomosis.
        J Neurol Sci. 1964; 1: 501-511
        • Fields WS
        The significance of persistent trigeminal artery: carotid-basilar anastomosis.
        Radiology. 1968; 91: 1096-1101
        • George AE
        • Lin JP
        • Morantz RA
        Intracranial aneurysm on a persistent primitive trigeminal artery.
        J Neurosurg. 1971; 35: 601-604
        • Teal JS
        • Rumbaugh CL
        • Bergeron RT
        • Scanlan RL
        • Segall HD
        Persistent carotid-superior cerebellar artery anastomosis: a variant of persistent trigeminal artery.
        Radiology. 1972; 103: 335-341
        • Ito J
        • Takeda N
        • Suzuki Y
        • Takeuchi S
        • Osugi S
        • Yoshida Y
        Anomalous origin of the anterior inferior cerebellar arteries from the internal carotid artery.
        Neuroradiology. 1980; 19: 105-109
        • Siqueira M
        • Piske R
        • Ono M
        • Marino Jr, R
        Cerebellar arteries originating from the internal carotid artery.
        AJNR. 1993; 14: 1229-1235
        • Fortner AA
        • Smoker WRK
        Persistent primitive trigeminal artery aneurysm evaluated by MR imaging and angiography.
        J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1988; 12: 847-850
        • Richardson DN
        • Elster AD
        • Ball MR
        Intrasellar trigeminal artery.
        AJNR. 1989; 10: 205
        • Masaryk TJ
        • Modic MT
        • Ross JS
        • Ruggieri PM
        • Laub GA
        • Lenz GW
        • Haacke EM
        • Selman WR
        • Wiznitzer M
        • Harik SI
        Intracranial circulation: preliminary clinical results with three-dimensional (volume) MR angiography.
        Radiology. 1989; 171: 793-799
        • Shintani S
        • Kuzuhara S
        • Toyokura Y
        MR imaging of persistent primitive trigeminal artery.
        Neuroradiology. 1990; 32: 79
        • Schuierer G
        • Laub G
        • Huk WJ
        MR angiography of the primitive trigeminal artery: report on two cases.
        AJNR. 1990; 11: 1131-1132
        • Silbergleit R
        • Mehta BA
        • Barnes II, RD
        • Patel SC
        • Hatfield MK
        • Spicker EM
        Persistent trigeminal artery detected with standard MRI.
        J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1993; 17: 22-25
        • Athale SD
        • Jinkins JR
        MRI of persistent trigeminal artery.
        J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1993; 17: 551-554
        • Tulsi RS
        • Locket NA
        Persistent trigeminal artery: an anatomical study.
        Aust NZ J Surg. 1985; 55: 397-402
        • Agnoli AL
        Vascular anomalies and subarachnoid haemorrhage associated with persisting embryonic vessels.
        Acta Neurochir (Wien). 1982; 60: 183-199
        • Guglielmi G
        • Vinuela F
        • Dion J
        • Duckwiler G
        • Cantore G
        • Delfini R
        Persistent primitive trigeminal artery-cavernous sinus fistulas: report of two cases.
        Neurosurgery. 1990; 27: 805-808
        • Madonick MJ
        • Ruskin AP
        Recurrent oculomotor paresis: paresis associated with a vascular anomaly, carotid-basilar anastomosis.
        Arch Neurol. 1962; 6: 353-357
        • Kempe LG
        • Smith DR
        Trigeminal neuralgia, facial spasm, intermedius and glossopharyngeal neuralgia with persistent carotid basilar anastomosis.
        J Neurosurg. 1969; 3: 445-451
        • Morita A
        • Fukushima T
        • Miyazaki S
        • Shimizu T
        • Atsuchi M
        Tic douloureux caused by primitive trigeminal artery or its variant.
        J Neurosurg. 1989; 70: 415-419
        • Quencer RM
        • Simon J
        Transient bilateral occipital lobe ischemia: microembolization through a trigeminal artery.
        Neuroradiology. 1979; 18: 273-275
        • Okada Y
        • Shima T
        • Nishida M
        • Yamada T
        • Yamane K
        • Okita S
        • Kagawa R
        Bilateral persistent trigeminal arteries presenting with brainstem infarction.
        Neuroradiology. 1992; 34: 283-286
        • Ohshiro S
        • Inoue T
        • Hadama Y
        • Matsuno H
        Branches of the persistent primitive trigeminal artery: an autopsy case.
        Neurosurgery. 1993; 32: 144-148