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Anomalous inferior vena cava associated with horseshoe kidneys

  • Theodore R. Smith
    Correspondence
    Address reprint requests to: Theodore R. Smith, MD, Department of Radiology, Jack D. Weiler Hospital of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 1825 Eastchester Road, Bronx, NY 10461.
    Affiliations
    Department of Radiology, Jack D. Weiler Hospital of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York USA
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  • Andrei Frost
    Affiliations
    Department of Radiology, Jack D. Weiler Hospital of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York USA
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      Abstract

      Two cases are presented in which anomalies of the inferior vena cava were associated with horseshoe kidneys. Radiological demonstration of such combined variation is rare, only one case of duplicated inferior vena cava with horseshoe kidney having been found in the literature. The embryological basis for these anomalies is reviewed. A possible explanation for their coexisting occurrence is also speculatively raised.

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